~ When oil is cheap there is little incentive to develop and commercialize biofuels or other liquid alternatives. Especially since they largely remain generally more costly than conventional hydrocarbons.
But when the price of a barrel of oil rises, alternative energy fuels will surge, right?
Now that we’ve had years of high oil prices, what’s really taking off is oil production. High prices have stimulated investment in advanced technologies for extracting difficult-to-reach sources of oil... As a result, oil supplies are growing fast... [and] biofuels production is growing slower than expected, and for years it will continue to provide only a negligible fraction of fuel worldwide.When oil is cheap, one cannot make money in alternatives and when oil is expensive, one can make more money there than in alternatives.
According to [an IEA] report, worldwide oil production will reach 103 million barrels per day by 2018, growing by 8.3 million barrels per day between now and then. Total biofuels production will amount to 2.36 million barrels per day, up only slightly from the 1.86 million barrels per day in 2012.
The accelerated development of alternative liquid fuels thus requires something other than a simplistic market incentive. Meanwhile the externalized costs continue to mount.